What is Sleep Apnea and How to Treat It?

Sleep apnea, a common yet serious sleep disorder, affects millions of people worldwide. Its impacts range from daily fatigue and irritability to long-term health conditions like heart disease. However, with accurate knowledge, timely diagnosis, and appropriate treatment, one can effectively manage this condition.

Understanding Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterised by intermittent pauses in breathing during sleep. These pauses can occur multiple times per hour and last for several seconds, often disrupting one's sleep and leading to various health complications.

There are three primary types of sleep apnea:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)The most common form, it occurs when the throat muscles relax, causing partial or complete blockage of the upper airway during sleep. Source: National Library of Medicine.

Central sleep apnea (CSA):This is less common and occurs when the brain fails to send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing. Source: Mayo Clinic

Complex sleep apnea syndrome:Also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, it's a combination of both obstructive and central sleep apneas. Source: European Respiratory Journal

Symptoms of sleep apnea include

  • loud snoring
  • waking up with a dry mouth
  • difficulty staying asleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, and irritability

People with sleep apnea often don't realize they have it, making it a potentially dangerous condition that should not be ignored.

Risk Factors

Certain factors increase the risk of developing sleep apnea. These include:

Excess weight: Obesity greatly increases the risk of sleep apnea. Fat deposits around the upper airway can obstruct the breathing.

Age: Sleep apnea occurs significantly more often in older adults.

Gender: Men are more likely to develop sleep apnea.

Family history: Having family members with sleep apnea might increase your risk.

Use of alcohol, sedatives, or tranquillisers: These substances relax the muscles in your throat.

Smoking: Smokers are three times more likely to have obstructive sleep apnea.

Treatment Options for Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can be a serious disorder, but with the right treatment, its symptoms can be managed effectively.

Lifestyle changes: Often, the first line of treatment involves changes in lifestyle habits. This might include losing weight, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, and avoiding sleeping on your back.

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) devices: These are the most commonly used treatment for moderate to severe sleep apnea. A CPAP machine uses a mask that fits over your nose and mouth, or just your nose, and gently blows air into your airway to help keep it open during sleep.

Oral appliances: Mouthguard type devices known as mandibular advancement devices (MAD) that help keep the airway open during sleep. These are often used for mild to moderate sleep apnea.

Surgery: Various surgical procedures can increase the size of the airway, thus reducing episodes of sleep apnea. Surgery is usually the last resort if other treatments have failed.

Positional Therapy: Some people have sleep apnea primarily when sleeping on their back. Positional therapy may involve wearing a special device around your waist or back, which encourages you to sleep in a side position.

Remember, if you suspect that you or a loved one has sleep apnea, it's crucial to seek professional medical advice. They will recommend the best treatment options based on your specific condition.


Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder, but with appropriate diagnosis and treatment, its impact on quality of life can be significantly reduced. If you experience symptoms such as snoring, daytime fatigue, or waking up gasping for breath, don't ignore them. Seek medical advice to ensure you receive the right treatment, and remember, a good night's sleep is not a luxury, it's a necessity for a healthy life.

If your sleep apnea is mild, then try using a mandibular advancement device such as those provided by Snorblok. Snorblok has over 15 years experience in providing sleep improvement solutions.